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Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands Dispute: The U.S. Legal Relationship and Obligations

Larry A. NIKSCH

Abstract


September 30, 1996

Summary

New tensions among China, Japan, and Taiwan over disputed islands in the East China Sea are based on long-standing territorial claims they have maintained. The United States has important relationships with all three disputants, and has had a legal relationship to the islands since the conclusion of the Peace Treaty with Japan in 1951. The chief components of this legal relationship are: (1) U.S. administration of the islands from 1953 to 1971; (2) inclusion of the islands in the terms of the U.S.-Japan Okinawa Reversion Treaty of 1971; (3) a U.S. position on the claims themselves; and (4) the application of the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty to the islands under the provisions of the Okinawa Reversion Treaty.

 

http://wikileaks.org/wiki/CRS-96-798. Wikileaks release: February 2, 2009. The author is a Specialist in Asian Affairs, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, United States Congressional Research Service.

Keywords: Senkaku, Diaoyu, China, Japan, The U.S., The U.S.-Japan Security Treaty, international relations


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